Sepsis is an emergency medical condition that is caused by hyperactivity of the response to infection that is already present anywhere in the body. Bacterias are the most common pathogenic cause of sepsis, fungus can also be the second most common reason. We generally call it contamination of the blood throughtout the body that is the result of cluster of reactions taking place in body.
Effects of sepsis:
As it contaminates the blood, it can further enter into the organs hindering the cellular functions and altering the structures. In result of this organ damage or failure occurs. If the condition becomes severe it can lead to multiorgan failure (shutting down of several vital body organs suddenly at a time) and this will ultimately lead to death.
Infections causing sepsis can be through cuts and wounds affected by bacterias and fungus. It can cause severe fatigue, high grade fever, nausea and vomiting, severe bodyaches and stiffness in some cases, increased cardiac activity, severe shivering and feeling cold, increased breathing rate and dullness of mind. The end condition is septic shock where body stops responding with dangerously dropped down blood pressure (hypotension).
Who are commonly at risk of getting septic the most?
The people will low immunity, people with diabetes, kidney disorders, lymphatic cancers, liver disorders, women with post gynaecological surgeries and procedures, older people (above 50 year) especially women, people with gynaecological infections, children younger than 5 years of age, people with respiratory disorders and pregnant women especially in their last trimester (also prior or post labour).
Treatment and emergency care:
Lab tests to ensure the presence of pathogens in blood.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Computerized Tomography (CT scan)
Antibiotics to resolve the presence of pathogens.
Maintaining the intravenous fluid levels to balance the blood pressure through IV fluids.