By Virtual_Variety | Varieties | 7 Jan 2021

Good morning dear Community, today we bring a post of those who like a lot, as you know we are lovers of history, and we love to investigate those issues and historical curiosities that captivate, and are not so mentioned, so today we will talk about some characters who marked the ancient Rome, for its strength, agility, and physical attributes, we will reveal some curiosities about them.

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Who were the Gladiators? - They were those people, who were called armed fighters, who faced others just like them, or great wild beasts, in order to give a great show to the crowds that attended the coliseums, and thus be able to have another chance to live, and generate great income. You could say that these characters were the great athletes of that time, because apart from being popular, they had a lot of fans. Although in the cinema we have seen that the Gladiators gave their great shows only in the Ancient Rome, however their origin goes back to the VI century B.C, there is historical evidence, that the Gladiators were present in graphic representations in the tombs of the Etruscans (Ancient people, predecessor of the Romans). According to the experts: "the struggle between these fighters comes from sacrificing prisoners in the tombs of the great warriors". However, the Gladiators arrived in the third century in Rome.

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Were they Professional Fighters? - The truth is that if, although on TV, they look like violent, wild men, who only entered the arena to kill and that's it, the opposite is true, they had to go through a School of Gladiators, such schools looked like barracks, in which they received a hard training, which made them masters of the armed fights, the curious thing is that such training centers, They were private; they were in charge of the Lanista, who served as a Contractor; later, when Rome became an Empire, the State took charge of many schools; it is interesting to mention that these schools were classified by the level of fights won by their gladiators; according to experts, there were some that stood out among the best; both were in charge of the Emperors: The Ludus Gladiatorius Iulanius, of Caesar and Neronianus of Nero. The ones in charge of training these future fighters, and of transmitting their knowledge, were called The Doctors, former elderly Gladiators, who survived the arena, and shared everything they learned throughout their lives, through those scars that left such fierce fights. 

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Who became Gladiators? - It should be noted that these men, for the most part, did not become gladiators for pleasure or taste, on the contrary, they were slaves, who captured all over the world, which had great physical attributes, great height, and musculature, which made them the perfect prototype for these armed shows, unlike other slaves, who destined them to agriculture or mine exploitation. But when these men began to call the attention, to generate an immense fanaticism, and to receive quite generous incomes, the free men, from the high society and politicians, decided to join the Gladiators, to receive the same popularity.

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Were there also Gladiators? - Although their presence was very scarce, the answer is yes, gladiators had their counterparts, these women as well as men, had to fight among themselves and against wild beasts. Tacitus and Dion Cassius (Roman politicians and historians). They mention in their writings, that there was female participation in the world of gladiators, under the governments of Nero and Suetonius. Although very little is said about it, it should be noted that these fights were just as violent as the male one, there was no contemplation. 

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What were his burials like? - Although it is ironic, not everyone had the same luck to be buried, everything depended on his performance in the arena, if in life the Gladiator had given his best and won many fights, his relatives obtained the right to claim the body, and give him a great burial, if not, he was buried in a common grave, without the right to be remembered. 

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This text was translated from Spanish to English thanks to the translator Deepl.

The original Post is in Uptrennd Español, in the following link you will be able to visualize it – HISTORIA Y CURIOSIDADES SOBRE LOS GLADIADORES.

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