By Marekiaro | travel&vacation | 8 May 2020

Catania is an ancient port city on the east coast of Sicily. It is located at the foot of Etna, an active volcano with paths that reach its summit. The large central square of the city, Piazza del Duomo, is characterized by the picturesque statue of the Elephant Fountain and the Cathedral, richly decorated. In the south-western corner of the square, La Pescheria, the fish market held on weekdays, is a lively show surrounded by restaurants serving fish.





Etna or Mongibello is a Sicilian volcano originating in the Quaternary, the highest terrestrial active volcano of the Eurasian plate.
Its frequent eruptions throughout history have changed, sometimes even profoundly, the surrounding landscape, repeatedly threatening the populations that have settled around it over the millennia. On 21 June 2013, the XXXVII session of the UNESCO Committee added Mount Etna to the list of heritage assets.






The Ursino castle of Catania was built by Frederick II of Swabia in the thirteenth century. The manor had a certain visibility during the Sicilian Vespers, as the seat of parliament and, later, residence of the Aragonese rulers including Frederick III. Today it is the seat of the Civic Museum of the Etna city, mainly formed by the Biscari and Benedictine collections.



castello ursino



The metropolitan cathedral of Sant'Agata is the main Catholic place of worship in Catania, mother church of the metropolitan archdiocese of the same name and seat of the homonymous parish. The cathedral is dedicated to the virgin and martyr Sant'Agata, patron of the city of Catania and is located in the historic center of the city in the southeast side of Piazza del Duomo, in the Duomo district of Catania or Terme Achilliane - Piano di San Filippo. In July 1926 it was elevated to the dignity of a minor basilica by Pope Pius XI.




cattedrale di sant'agata




The Elephant Fountain is a monumental work created between 1735 and 1737 by the architect Giovanni Battista Vaccarini. It is located in the center of the Piazza del Duomo in Catania. Its main element is a black basalt statue depicting an elephant, commonly called u Liotru and considered the emblem of the Sicilian city.








The Circumetnea railway is a narrow gauge railway that connects Catania with Riposto, making the circumnavigation of Etna and passing through various Etna foothills. It is managed by the local public transport department of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport which also manages the Catania metro and the supplementary and suburban automotive services.







Piazza del Duomo in Catania is the main square of the city. Three roads merge into it, namely via Etnea, the historic city axis, via Giuseppe Garibaldi and via Vittorio Emanuele II which crosses it from east to west. On the eastern side of the square stands the Duomo, dedicated to the patron saint of the city celebrated on February 5th.







The Roman amphitheater of Catania, of which only a small section is visible in the western part of Piazza Stesicoro, is an imposing structure built in the Roman imperial era, probably in the 2nd century, on the northern edges of the ancient city, close to the Montevergine hill which it housed the main nucleus of the town. The area where it stands, now part of the historic center of the city, was once used as a necropolis. It is part of the Greek-Roman archaeological park of Catania.







The Roman theater of Catania is located in the historic center of the Etna city, between Piazza S. Francesco, Via Vittorio Emanuele, Via Timeo and Via Greek theater. Its current appearance dates back to the 2nd century and has been highlighted since the end of the 19th century. To the east it borders on a minor theater, called odeon.







Catania is an Italian town of 310 247 inhabitants, the capital of the metropolitan city of Catania in Sicily.

The heart of an urban agglomeration of about 700 000 residents extended to the south-eastern slopes of Mount Etna, it is the center of the most densely populated metropolitan area of ​​Sicily, and of a wider conurbation known as the linear system of eastern Sicily, which has about 1,700 .000 inhabitants on an area of ​​2,400 square kilometers. The city is also the economic and infrastructural center of the District of South-East Sicily, established on February 26, 2014 in the presence of the then President of the Italian Republic Giorgio Napolitano. It is the tenth municipality in Italy by population and the most populous that is not the regional capital. The main industrial, logistic and commercial center of Sicily, it is the seat of Vincenzo Bellini Airport.

Founded in 729 BC from the Chalcidesi of nearby Naxos, the city boasts a thousand-year history characterized by various dominations whose remains enrich its artistic, architectural and cultural heritage. Under the Aragonese dynasty it was the capital of the Kingdom of Sicily, and since 1434 at the behest of King Alfonso V it is home to the oldest university on the island. During its history it has been repeatedly affected by volcanic eruptions (the most imposing, in historical times, is that of 1669) and earthquakes (the most catastrophic mentioned were those of 1169 and 1693).

Catania was the home, native or adopted, of some of the most famous artists and writers in Italy, including the composers Vincenzo Bellini and Giovanni Pacini and the writers Giovanni Verga, Luigi Capuana, Federico De Roberto, Nino Martoglio, Vitaliano Brancati . The baroque of its historic center was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, along with that of seven municipalities in the Val di Noto (Caltagirone, Militello in Val di Catania, Modica, Noto, Palazzolo Acreide, Ragusa and Scicli), in 2002 .




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The journey (from the Provençal viatge, in turn deriving from the Latin viatĭcum; the latter was the necessary supply for traveling) is the movement made from one place of departure to another distant (relative to one's means) from the first. The trip can be local, regional, national or international. In some countries, non-local internal travel may require an internal passport, while international travel generally requires a passport and a Visa.

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