Mushrooms occurring in Europe - Lycoperdon utriforme


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Lycoperdon utriforme - The fruiting body is massive, reaches a diameter of 100 to 200 mm and a similar height. Shaped shortly club-shaped, broadly pear-shaped, sometimes round-bulbous, slightly flattened at the top, wrinkled or shallowly dimpled. Usually without a shaft.
The surface (peridium) has two layers. The outer layer (exoperidium) when young, white, fibrous, later gray-brown, bursting into polygonal plots ("eyes") with a diameter of about 5 mm or pyramids formed of soft, focused spines that peel off when the fruiting body ripens and falls off with the "eyes" "Revealing the inner layer (endoperidium).
Ocher, nut, gray-brown, olive-brown to brown endoperidium. Matt or slightly shiny surface. In the consistency of paper, it breaks from the top into irregular large fragments, giving the fruiting body the shape of a cup, bowl or bowl with jagged edges.

The soil is the upper part of the fruiting body, it falls off partially or completely to the subsoil border. Initially compact, finally dusty. The color of young sporocarps is white, later becomes olive, eventually brown.

Subsoil is the lower (barren) part of the fruiting body. Initially white, later gray-brown, finally brown. It is stiff, with large chambers, narrowed. It is relatively durable and can remain in good condition until next year.

Occurrence: In sunny places, in open spaces, meadows, pastures, forest clearings, forest edges. Among the grass, in the lowlands and in the mountains. One by one or many. From June to October. Pretty common.

Value: Edible mushroom, when the inside of the fruiting body is white, it can be eaten after removing the outer layer.

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Nature - mushrooms
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