Conscious Caffeine #20 - Sarchimor

By tych0_21 | MapMatics | 23 Feb 2021


Rather than a single variety, the term 'Sarmichor' refers to the subset of coffee varieties derived from the successful cross of the Villa Sarchi and Timor Hybrid coffee varieties. In effort to preempt the global spread of coffee leaf rust, the Centro de Investigação das Ferrugens do Cafeeiro of Portugal began cultivating disease-resistant coffee cultivars using seeds from the interspecific hybrid and disease-resistant Timor Hybrid sometime between 1958 and 1959. From this initial seedstock, Timor Hybrid plants were cultivated for breeding research in Portugal. in 1967, a plant from this line labeled as "HDT CIFC 832/2" was crossed with the dwarf Bourbon mutant, Villa Sarchi, to create a plant dubbed "Hybrid 361." This plant would go on to be known as "Sarchimor." Beginning in 1971,H361 plants selectively bred in Brazil were distributed to coffee growing regions across Central and South America, as well as the Dominican Republic, Laos, Malawi, Mozambique, Sao Tome, Thailand. Regional varieties of the Sarchimor line include Parainema, Cuscatleco, and Obata.


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