The study was published at the Journal Nature Climate Change suggest that the likely caused of the warming is natural Climate Change but was intensified by fossil fuels.
“Antarctic and Southern Hemisphere climate, specifically how West Antarctica was warming and its ice sheet was thinning and contributing to global sea level rise,” said Kyle Clen in a news release by Ohio University.
Results show that the South Pole has cooled until the 1980s but has warmed ever since by 1.8 Degrees Celsius (the data measured from 1989 to 2018.)
According to the researchers the warming in Antarctica was driven by warm Temperature in the Pacific Ocean that changed the winds on the South Atlantic near the Antarctic increased wind delivery in the South Pole.
However, different regions in the Antarctic have different temperatures because of the Antarctic and Antarctic Peninsula has been warming since the late 20th century.
In comparison, the Arctic has been melting very fast for the last 35 years.
The study was done by examining the data gathered in the past 30 years at the South Pole weather station and several climate models that analyze warming in the Antarctic interior.
Results of the study became evident when Antarctica records its highest temperature of 18.3 Degrees Celsius last March 2015.
Sources:University of Ohio/Science Daily, “Extreme warming in the South Pole”
Scientific American Article:https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/why-is-the-south-pole-warming-so-quickly-its-complicated/
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