Afghanistan, in collaboration with the United Nations, several months ago, has launched a program aimed at developing blockchain solutions for land registration, aimed at favoring harmonious urban development; now, as reported by the local news agency yesterday, the health ministry has signed a memorandum of understanding with FantomOperations to integrate blockchain technology in the country's health sector. The purpose of this new platform is to prevent the risk of counterfeit medicines circulating on the Afghan market; beyond this Afghanistan wants to set up a national database of doctors and health facilities and, clearly, digitize the patient's medical records. Ferozuddin Feroz, the minister responsible for this new memorandum of understanding, declared that:
The Ministry of Health is committed to implementing a digital infrastructure in the health sector, we believe that blockchain technology can help us bring transparency, acceleration and effectiveness in this sector
The circulation of counterfeit drugs in Afghanistan is becoming a major problem, the institutions estimate that about 40% of the medicines and medical equipment that enter the country are of illegal origin and this endangers people's health since the very drugs appear to be of poor quality. Monitoring the supply chain of drugs through a blockchain would guarantee the quality of these products since it is not a question of mere copyright but of public health. The real problem, in fact, is not the loss of turnover for companies that have the rights on certain drugs, but the fact that those who put counterfeit drugs on the market often produce them in the absence of the most basic safety rules for which there is risk that the drugs are not effective, at best, or even damage the health of those who use them. Contrary therefore to what the detractors claim, Afghanistan helps us to put the lie to one of the most common mystifications on blockchain technology and that is that its only case of concrete application is in fintech.