The Gospel of Matthew narrates:
“After that, Jesus, knowing that everything had already been completed, that the Scripture might be fulfilled, said: thirst.
There was a vessel full of vinegar. The soldiers, having given sponge a drink of vinegar and laid it on hyssop, brought it to His mouth.
When Jesus tasted the vinegar, he said: it is finished! And bowing the head, betrayed the spirit "
I must say that I immediately reject all sorts of theological and theological versions and “evidence” like:
a) “Jesus was offered wine with peace (the then drug); Jesus refused him;
b) "He was given to drink vinegar mixed with bile" in order to mock ...
I note for a very simple reason - for me it is obvious that all these "testimonies" are nothing more than an attempt to drag the ears of the story of Jesus to the Psalms of the Old Testament:
“My tongue clung to my larynx” (Psalm 21:16),
“And they gave me bile for food, and in my thirst they gave me drink vinegar” (Psalm 68:22).
The authors of the gospel texts simply tried (and they succeeded) to prove that Jesus is the very messiah mentioned in the ancient psalms.
And most important: I can’t imagine that the Roman legionnaire had bile with him ... Where did he get bile from, where was it stored, why didn’t it go bad under the scorching sun of Palestine? Questions, questions, questions ...
For the Roman, executed Jesus was, first of all, some kind of extravagant Jewish fanatic, a stranger mentally. A stranger to Jews and culture, and language, and religion.
It is hard to imagine that a Roman soldier would keep some stinking vessel with bile with him, just to give it to Jesus.
After weighing these assumptions, one can understand that some Roman soldier simply let Jesus get drunk before his death. To get drunk with what the soldier had at hand. Something mundane, cheap and affordable. What was then the usual and everyday contents of a soldier's flask.
And here, gentlemen, only one thing comes to my mind: posk.
In Rome, the drink was drunk, first of all, by the legionnaires. The emperors, wanting to emphasize their love and respect for the army, also drank this drink in public.
The basis of the wash was, of course, plain water. Wine vinegar and spices were added to the water. The result was a thirst-quenching drink.
This drink was perfectly preserved in field (army) conditions, had bactericidal properties. Wine vinegar perfectly killed bacteria contained in unboiled water. His presence seemed to preserve the freshness of the water.
The vitamins and minerals found in herbs are dissolved in the pot.
And so, with a poke, the legionnaire received high-quality, cheap, restorative everyday drink.
Poska passed to the successor of Rome to Byzantium, and then was ... lost.
Sailors in the era of the great geographical discoveries were forced to drink stinking liquid from foul-smelling ship barrels. To add vinegar for safety did not occur to them.
By the way, the proletarians of Rome also added eggs to the nourishment for satiety. It is clear that the soldier to get fresh eggs is not an example more difficult than the peasant or city dweller.