The need to transfer cryptocurrency sooner or later arises for almost every user. For active traders, this is a common operation. Investors are faced with sending coins less often. But both groups are at risk of losing funds.
There can be many reasons - for example, an error when copying an address or an unspecified tag due to forgetfulness. There are several steps you can take to avoid this.
The procedure for transferring cryptocurrency is quite simple. It assumes the following procedure:
- The user selects the cryptocurrency they want to transfer.
- Then he opens an address on the exchange, in a wallet or on any other site, to which the funds will be received, and copies it.
- Next, he indicates the address on the exchange or wallet from where the funds will be sent.
- Enter the amount.
- The final step is to confirm the withdrawal of funds. If coins are poisoned from the exchange, you will most likely need to confirm the transaction via email and two-factor authentication (2FA).
When sending cryptocurrency, you need to verify many data. If you miss something, you will have to say goodbye to money.
It is important that the coins and the wallet where the funds will be received belong to the same cryptocurrency. If you try to transfer Ethereum to a Bitcoin address, your coins will be lost forever. Now many exchanges have a built-in function that prevents such errors: a warning is displayed that the address is incorrect.
Make sure to copy the entire address. Typically, users copy the address by highlighting it with the cursor. There is a risk that not all characters will be captured, for example, the first or last character will appear. Transferring cryptocurrency to the wrong address will result in a complete loss of funds.
It is advisable to copy the address using a built-in function. On many sites, you can click a button that will copy your address to the clipboard. But in this case, additional attention will not hurt. Sometimes exchanges freeze and no copying occurs. Because of this, the funds will not go to the desired wallet, but, for example, to a phone number, website, or just a set of words that remained in the clipboard.
Be sure to check the addresses
We check the account from which the funds will be transferred and where they will go.
You can limit yourself to checking the first two and the last two characters - it's faster this way. But it is safer to check the entire address, since there is a risk of becoming a victim of a virus. There are many malicious programs on the network that replace addresses copied to the clipboard with fraudulent wallets. Antiviruses help to protect, preferably with a fresh updated database.
Don't fall for phishing sites
Fraudsters can misappropriate your cryptocurrency in another way: create a fake page of an exchange, platform, wallet, exchanger or any other service. In such cases, it is very difficult to distinguish a scam site from a real one. If you indicate your data on it or transfer funds to the wallet specified there, they will be lost.
Specify and check the tag
When sending cryptocurrencies to exchanges, in some cases, you need to specify a tag. This is a small code that allows marketplaces to differentiate between user accounts. The tag can be found in your exchange account next to the wallet address. If you do not specify it, the funds will go to the exchange, but will not be credited to your balance. Perhaps the problem can be solved by contacting technical support, but the likelihood of this is low.
The tag may be required when sending the following tokens:
- Cosmos (ATOM)
- EOS (EOS)
- Ripple (XRP)
- Stellar Lumens (XLM)
- Binance Coin (BNB)
- NEM (XEM)
- Monero (XMR)
When sending cryptocurrency, you can lose part of the capital due to rate fluctuations. This can be avoided by transferring funds in stablecoins such as USDT, BUSD, USDC and others. Their price is pegged to the dollar and cannot suddenly drop by 15-20%, as is the case with many digital assets.
You can incur minor costs on commissions. Exchanges charge them for withdrawing funds. However, each coin usually has its own withdrawal rate, which makes it possible to save money. For example, it usually costs $ 3-5 to withdraw BTC or ETH, while the cost of transferring XRP and TRX tokens is a few cents.
In 2020, DeFi platforms became very popular. Operations on them are carried out through smart contracts: the user buys coins from his local wallet and can send them to the exchange with the same transaction.
Not all exchanges support smart contracts
Usually, the platform indicates a corresponding warning next to the user's wallet address. If you ignore it, the funds will reach the exchange, but will not be credited to the trader's balance. Often this issue is resolved with the help of technical support.
The first transfer, especially when it comes to unfamiliar services, is best done for a small amount. This will help you not to lose funds if it turns out that the platform belongs to scammers or your wallet does not work on it. There is also a risk that when the coins are withdrawn, the transaction will freeze due to network congestion. The delay may be several hours, during which time the funds will be frozen. Accordingly, you can lose on the fall in the value of the sent asset.
In early September, an undisclosed user sent $ 1 million in USDT stablecoins to a smart contract address instead of a wallet. The funds were considered lost forever. But the trader was lucky - he was helped by Paolo Ardoino, CTO of Tether, which is the issuer of USDT. He returned all funds to him and urged to be careful.