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Poverty in Pakistan


POVERTY

“Poverty is the mother of all evils.”

 

“Overcoming poverty is not a task of charity, it is an act of justice. Like Slavery and Apartheid, poverty is not natural. It is man-made and it can be overcome and eradicated by the actions of human beings. Sometimes it falls on a generation to be great. YOU can be that great generation. Let your greatness blossom” Nelson Mandela

Chairman Jawad Ahmad

Poverty is the biggest problem in Pakistan right now as most of the other problems stem from this.

According to World Bank Organization, “Poverty is hunger. Poverty is lack of shelter. Poverty is being sick and not being able to see a doctor. Poverty is not having access to school and not knowing how to read. Poverty is not having a job, is fear of future, living one day at a time. Poverty has many faces, changing from place to place and across time, and has been described in many ways. Most often poverty is a situation people want to escape. So, poverty is a call to action—-for poor and wealthy alike—-a call to change the world so that many more have enough to eat, adequate shelter, access to education and health, protection from violence, and a voice in what happens in their communities.”

We know that poverty is even much more than this. Poverty has a direct relationship with the health indicators. Poverty literally kills. Life expectancy is lower and Maternal, infant and under five mortality rates, are all higher in lower socioeconomic groups. Not only mortality but also morbidity (state of poor health) is higher in this group which is due to multiple complex factor like lack of education or inability to pay for healthcare or access to healthcare or poor nutrition. Poor health is directly related to performance in school or job. Thus, there is a vicious cycle perpetuating ignorance and poverty which is difficult to break. It is not only the physical health that is affected but the poor are also victims of mental health problems. Depression, anxiety, stress and emotional instability is more common in the poor segments of society resulting in suicide, killing or selling of children, domestic abuse, family feuds etc.

Poverty is also linked with crime. When people are poor and have difficulty coping with daily life’s problems, they become desperate, angry and frustrated and thus try to use all means to either fulfil their needs or to get back at the society and system. Theft, lying, unscrupulous means of business, and even murder are more common in poverty ridden areas. Thus, jails are full of poor people.

Poverty leads to marginalization of the poor from the political process. Poor are given the right to vote and theoretically, even the right to contest elections, but in practice this is not possible as the current system of democracy requires money for that. Thus, they are neither present nor properly represented when crucial decisions are made like making national budget, allocation of funds for various services, policies regarding jobs, energy, youth, women etc.

Another aspect of poverty is its relationship to extreme views about society which promotes terrorism and violence. Even if poverty does not cause terrorism directly, it provides a fertile ground for those who want to promote terrorism for their own agenda. With economic recession since 2008, this phenomenon is increasing worldwide. We have seen rise of extreme ideologies, racism, Islamophobia and xenophobia in the USA as well as in many European countries.

Last but not the least, poor are also socially isolated. They cannot afford entertainment, enjoy art and culture, go to movies, cafes, vacations, or travel. This directly impacts their world view and results in lack of broadening of vision due to lack of exposure to other views, cultures, life s etc. They have no respect in the society, are looked down upon and thus lack self confidence. It also erodes their self-respect. The emphasis on charity in the society creates beggar mindset and dependency.

Poverty is a complex and multidimensional problem which impacts not just individuals but nations and its effects last through generations. Unless this is addressed no other problem can be solved adequately and permanently. This is why the United Nations objective of achieving Millennium Development Goals failed and the same fate awaits the Sustainable Development Goals.

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Rai Muhammad Kamran Ali Naz Khan Bhatti
Rai Muhammad Kamran Ali Naz Khan Bhatti

I'am a desire member of political party.("Barabri Party Pakistan") located in lahore Pakistan. I am married. I have 1 son 9years and 1 daughter 2years. I like politics and government. Social servicesing


RaiMohammadKamranAliBhatti
RaiMohammadKamranAliBhatti

Hi, Asalam o Alaikom, My name is Rai Muhammad Kamran Ali Naz khan Bhatti. I'am a freelancer offline\online and Desire member of political party.("Barabri Party Pakistan") located in lahore Pakistan. This is a political blog post about the all Pakistan political parties. Thank you.

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