Elon Musk is on the Verge of Creating a Super Human in the Neuralink Project

Neuralink, founded by Elon Musk, finally succeeded in transferring what is happening in the human brain to computers via telepathy. In the video published by Neuralink last week, we see that our 29-year-old patient Nolan Arbaugh, who is completely paralyzed from the neck down, can play chess. In fact, our patient, who played another game after the chess game and was paralyzed during an attempt to dive due to the brain waves moving the cursor on the computer screen, says that he had some difficulty in using the technology and that it has aspects that are open to improvement, but it has definitely changed his life already. Transferring what is happening in the human brain to the digital world and establishing connections between the digital world and the human brain is not a new idea. Microchips embedded in the human brain by a company called Blackrock Neurotech in 2004 enabled people to give orders to computers with their brains, and there is currently a lot of competition in this field.

Elon Musk's Neuralink is certainly not alone. So what is trying to be done here? Why are the investments of giants such as Elon Musk, Jeff Bezos and Bill Gates in connecting the human brain and computers growing every day? What are we trying to achieve here and perhaps more importantly, what does all this mean for humanity? Today I will try to express all this. We will dive a little deeper into the technology that Elon Musk believes could one day even cure blindness. We will look at what different approaches of different companies bring and perhaps most importantly, as I mentioned before, we will think a little about what humanity is evolving towards. Where this incredible technology is taking humanity can get you very excited, it can make you very hopeful, it can put you in very dysutopian nightmares.

Neuralink implanted a microchip into the brain of its first patient, patient number 0, on January 24, 2024. He had previously only experimented with monkeys. In fact, it received a lot of criticism that some monkeys died during these experiments. But this is much braver than them, because after all, an operation performed on the human brain carries great risks, even though it was performed with permission from the necessary authorities in America. But as far as I understand, it is a window of hope for a patient who was completely paralyzed below the neck at a very young age. That's why he volunteered for this surgery. The operation on January 28 is very sensitive. It was carried out by a special robot developed just for this job. It has to be very sensitive.

Because you are trying to connect cables to a living organ that is constantly in motion. Exactly 64 tiny wires, each with a thickness of 1/20 of a human hair. There are 16 microscopic sensors at the end of each cable. All of this is connected to a microchip. The microchip is placed inside our skull and this battery-powered microchip, which can be charged contactlessly, can also transfer data and information about the electrical activities in our brain to the outside without contact. The human brain is essentially an electrical device. Electric waves coming from our brain spread throughout the body. They give the necessary orders to our organs. The sensors at the end of the Neuralink cable capture these electrical waves and transfer them to the microchip. This data is sent from the microchip to the computers and software around us in digital language. Computers interpret this incoming data. They literally decipher which wave carries out which activity in the body and what it means. The technology used during transfer is Bluetooth.

Similar technologies have actually been in testing since 2004. But there are huge differences that separate Neuralink from its competitors. The most important of these is that it is completely wireless. Data is transferred wirelessly from the microchip placed inside the brain. Previous solutions were always done with this cable. The advantage of being wireless is that the patient can use this device outside the laboratory. Thus, it becomes more likely that the device will participate in the patient's real life. Another important issue that differentiates Neuralink from its competitors is that it allows multitasking. When you watch the videos of the patient, the patient is playing games. He can also chat. This is not possible with previous technologies and current competing technologies.

Elon Musk's first goal is to connect people's brains with computers, manage them, and control their mobile phones. Even being able to play games on game consoles. When we think of smart cars and smart homes, it is also possible for patients to give orders to them via their mobile phones. In this way, patients can accomplish many things on their own, such as running the washing machine on time at home, turning the air conditioner on and off, opening and closing the curtains, letting the vacuum cleaner run around the house, etc., on their own. Meanwhile, Elon Musk says in some of his tweets last week that they are working on a second version of this product, which focuses on overcoming blindness.

Actually, the point here is that those microchips may not only send waves out of our brain, they can also receive data from outside. In other words, we can take in data from, say, a camera that we can wear on our head, and if we have figured out how the brain works by that day, we can enable people to see it. Elon Musk says that this vision will not be like full human vision, it will be black and white. Also, since the number of pixels is quite low, it will probably be a square image. However, in the future, as the power of this microprocessor increases and the number of cables increases, perhaps more real vision will be possible. In another tweet, Elon Musk says that monkeys have already achieved this. No such experiments have been conducted on humans yet. Maybe they will not be able to see as well as healthy people, but it is clear that there is still a serious window of hope for visually impaired people.

Creating a new interface between the human brain and computers and figuring out what's going on in the human brain is not just Elon Musk's passion. It has a very important competitor in this field, Synchron. What makes Synchron special is not only its technology, but also its partners. Bill Gates and Jeff Bezos, whom we can call Elon Musk's mortal enemies and with whom he competes in almost every field, are among Synchron partners. Synchron technology and approach are quite different. Synchron cables do not directly connect to the human brain. It passes cables through the blood vessels around the human brain, and these cables read what is happening in the brain. The cables then reach directly to the transmitter attached to the heart, and this transmitter transmits the data read from the brain to the outside. Patients using Synchron technology can currently do what Neuralink's patients do, but cannot multitask.

But there is another difference. These cables go far outside the brain, and what they can do right now is pretty limited. They can only receive data from the brain. Since Elon Musk's technology consists of cables directly connected to the brain, the data it collects can be more detailed and it is also possible to send data to the brain. In other words, it is possible to transfer data from outside to inside. In its current state, 16 micro sensors on 64 cables show that data can be collected from 1024 points and data can be transferred here. In the future, as the number of cables and micro sensors increases, the communication channel between the brain and the computer will expand and deepen. When we look at it this way, we see that Synchron has more or less reached the limits of what it can do at the moment, and Neuralink has actually just started its journey.

But there are other competitors, and the most important point of difference in this whole competition is the level of invasiveness. In other words, how much does that technology occupy our brains? The most invasive one is Neuralink. Because Neuralink connects a cable directly to the cerebral cortex. He also inserts a microchip into our skull. The Synchron I just described goes through the veins on the surface. There are even people who try to read the brain from chips attached to the outside of the skull. What all these can do and their impact areas are different. The solutions of more superficial technologies are also a little more superficial. For example, one of them aims to cure depression only. The reason why Elon Musk has adopted a more invasive method is that he has more claim. He says that we will first treat neurological diseases. We will solve problems like Alzheimer's. We will solve the interaction of paralyzed patients with the outside world. We will enable visually impaired people to see. In fact, I believe that perhaps we will be able to activate the bodies of paralyzed patients again by sending more accurate orders to their bodies.

The claims are much bigger. Maybe they can even solve obesity in the meantime. You know, I'm ready to pay for a chip that will detect and prevent whatever it is that sends us to the refrigerator at night that makes us hungry. But of course, when it comes to Elon Musk, we can't talk about artificial intelligence. Elon Musk also aims to improve the human brain with this technology. He believes that a brain that will be directly connected to computers will have a chance to compete with artificial intelligence. Because remember, Elon Musk is very afraid of artificial intelligence. In this context, I have previously explained his fight with Open AI and its CEO Sam Altman. The fight still continues. EIon Musk's belief is that if we connect artificial intelligence and human intelligence, we can turn into superhumans. All our skills increase. Our ability to learn, our ability to see, our ability to interpret, and only then will we have the power to deal with artificial intelligence.

Of course, Elon Musk's vision is very broad, but there is no concrete evidence that current technology can get there. We are still at the beginning of the work. You have probably watched what a monkey does before. He could play games, he could get his own rewards. Now it was just seen that a person was playing chess. There is still a long, long time before we go to the places in Elon Musk's vision. The only issue is not time, but other obstacles may arise. First of all, we do not know what effects such technologies have when left in the human brain for a long time. In addition, since these are related to health, they are subject to the regulations of the ministries of health. Those regulations are quite slow in operation. Moreover, even if the public authority approves of this, it will not be easy to convince doctors who are used to prescribing medication for patients. I don't think patients will be too keen on walking around with a chip in their brain.

And of course, there are fears of hacking. What if our brain is hacked, what if unnecessary information is transferred to our brain, or even if our brain is controlled remotely, all these are again part of the horror scenarios. My belief is that improving the lives of disabled people is very, very valuable. Overcoming mental and neurological diseases, getting rid of depression, these are all things that can move humanity forward, and I believe that these companies will continue on their way, no matter what obstacles are put in their way. Because technology that understands the human brain, solves its malfunctions and takes it to a more advanced level is everyone's dream.

In this context, I think that big investors such as Elon Musk, Jeff Bezos and Bill Gates will continue to pour money into this field. We are still at the beginning of the journey. That's why there are no investment opportunities in these areas yet for individual investors like us, but believe me, I follow them very closely. I continue to closely monitor this technological development, which will radically change the future of humankind and perhaps evolve us into another species, and to look for investment opportunities. I hope these topics have piqued your interest. I wish you all a wonderful day.

The information, comments and recommendations contained herein are not within the scope of investment consultancy. Investment consultancy services are provided within the framework of the investment consultancy agreement to be signed between brokerage firms, portfolio management companies, banks that do not accept deposits and customers. The comments in this article are only my personal comments and these comments may not be appropriate for your financial situation and risk return. For this reason, investments should not be made based on the information and comments in my articles.

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