12 strategies to help dyslexic students

For your reading pleasure. Compiled these tips from dyslexic people who responded to a thread I posted on subreddit r/dyslexia

12 strategies to help dyslexic students

1) Teach them touch typing on a computer using kid-oriented programs like Paws in Typing Town. Firstly, writing requires a lot of maneuvering of symbols (capitals, punctuation) but typing requires one poke to a predefined easily mappable location per letter. Secondly, people can make use of their hands to tap letters out and spell words through raw muscle memory.

2) Teach them how to use text-to-speech tools like Microsoft Edge. It trains the brain to process printed materials fast.

3) Avoid asking them to read out loud in front of their classmates. Some of them will get so anxious that they cannot
see the words on the page.

4) Avoid getting students to do tasks while you are teaching.

5) Give students story problems they can play out in their mind instead of asking them to memorise their timetables. A respondent shared how he still remembers 7x7 = San Francisco 49’ers and mentally visualises adding 7 in his head to arrive at 7x8 = 56, despite being an engineer and having undergone a lot of experience in Maths drills.

6) Teach students a little phonology and history of English. It will help them understand the rules that govern 85% of phonetically regular words as well as the idiosyncrasies of the English language

7) Teach students how to finger spell so that they can focus on the shape of words instead of the individual letters. This will help them speed up their reading.

8) Get the child to read to a dog. This will help those who have reading anxiety.

9) Get funny books or have the child narrate a funny story (the first words a respondent’s child read were fart, burp, poo)

10) Do an art exercise where the child makes a letter into an object that starts with that letter like draw a S like a snake or an O like an owl with big round eyes. Older students can challenge themselves to draw a whole word that is disguised in an image.

11) Use accessible fonts like Comic Sans. Use a background that isn’t pure white if possible (eg a black background with white text or a cream colored background with black text)

12) Have students read from a text aloud while listening to the audio book version.

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