Cryptocurrencies have experienced broad market acceptance and fast development despite their recent conception.
Many hedge funds and asset managers have begun to include cryptocurrency-related assets into their portfolios and
trading strategies. The academic community has similarly
spent considerable efforts in researching cryptocurrency trading. This paper seeks to provide a comprehensive survey of
the research on cryptocurrency trading, by which we mean
any study aimed at facilitating and building strategies to
As an emerging market and research direction, cryptocurrencies and cryptocurrency trading have seen considerable progress and a notable upturn in interest and activity . From Figure 1, we observe over 85% of papers
have appeared since 2018, demonstrating the emergence of
cryptocurrency trading as a new research area in financial
The literature is organised according tosix distinct aspects of cryptocurrency trading:
• Cryptocurrency trading software systems (i.e., realtime trading systems, turtle trading systems, arbitrage
• Systematic trading including technical analysis, pairs
trading and other systematic trading methods;
here is a trading training for those interested:
ogy or technical methods in researching cryptocurrency trading. Specifically, we subdivide research distribution among
categories and technologies into statistical methods and machine learning technologies. Moreover, We identify datasets
and opportunities (potential research directions) that have
appeared in the cryptocurrency trading area. To ensure that
our survey is self-contained, we aim to provide sufficient
material to adequately guide financial trading researchers
who are interested in cryptocurrency trading.
There has been related work that discussed or partially
surveyed the literature related to cryptocurrency trading. Kyriazis et al.  surveyed efficiency and profitable trading
opportunities in cryptocurrency markets. Ahamad et al. 
and Sharma et al.  gave a brief survey on cryptocurrencies. Ujan et al.  gave a brief survey of cryptocurrency systems. Ignasi et al.  performed a bibliometric
analysis of bitcoin literature. These relate work outcomes
focused on specific area in cryptocurrency, including cryptocurrencies and cryptocurrency market introduction, cryptocurrency systems / platforms, bitcoin literature review, etc.
To the best of our knowledge, no previous work has provided a comprehensive survey particularly focused on cryptocurrency trading.