Domingos Semenzato: Divagando (Choro)

Domingos Semenzato: Divagando (Choro)

By fernandotona | Fernando Tona | Music | 30 Nov 2020


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"Divagando" is a popular Brazilian classical guitar piece written in the style of Choro. It was composed by Domingos Semenzato.

In this video I have the pleasure to play with a classical guitar made by renowned Brazilian luthier Carlos Gomes Valentim, from Ribeirão Preto, State of São Paulo.

Choro, popularly called chorinhois a genre of Brazilian popular and instrumental music that emerged in Rio de Janeiro in the middle of the 19th century.

Choro can be considered the first typically Brazilian urban music, and over the years it has become one of the most prestigious genres of national popular music, recognized for excellence and refinement. Lundu, a rhythm of African inspiration based on percussion with some European musical aspects, is one of the main fundamental roots, the origins, of the Choro. The instrumental composition of the first Choro groups was based on the flute, classical guitar and cavaquinho - this initial nucleus of Choro was also called pau e corda (in English, "stick and string2), because the flutes used were made of ebony - but with the development of the genre, other stringed and wind instruments were incorporated.

Choro is seen as the resource that the popular musicians used to perform, in his way, the music imported and consumed in the halls and balls of the high society of the Empire of Brazil from the middle of the 19th century. Under the creative and improvised impulse of the chorões (musicians that play Choro), the resulting music soon lost most of the characteristics of its origins and acquired genuinely Brazilian featuresImprovisation is a basic condition of the good chorão, a term that came to be known to the musician who is part of the choro, as well as requiring a high virtuosity of his performers, whose composition technique should not dispense with the use of unforeseen and armed modulations with the purpose challenge and the ability or polyphonic sense of the companions. Furthermore, it admits a great variety in the instrumental composition of each ensemble and includes the participation of a large number of participants, without prefixing its number.

The first groups of choro appeared around the 1870s, born in the biroscas of the Cidade Nova neighborhood and in the backyards of Rio's suburbs. Flutist and composer Joaquim Antônio da Silva Calado, pianists Ernesto Nazareth and Chiquinha Gonzaga, and conductor Anacleto de Medeiros composed gangs, polkas, tangos, maxixes, xotes and marches, establishing the pillars of choro and popular Rio music from the turn of the nineteenth century to the twentieth century, which with the spread of music bands and the radio was gaining the entire national territory. Heir to all this musical tradition, Pixinguinha consolidated choro as a musical genre, taking the virtuosity in the flute and perfecting the language of the counterpoint with his saxophone and organized countless musical groups, becoming the greatest choro composer.

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fernandotona
fernandotona

I define myself as an eclectic musician who crafts compositions and arrangements with passion and that plays the Classical Guitar with heart and soul as his main instrument.


Fernando Tona | Music
Fernando Tona | Music

A place where I express some personal thoughts about music, be it mine or not, and about music learning, sometimes in English, sometimes in Portuguese, and sometimes in Spanish.

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